Dedicated to caring for our community since 1967

Health Information & Education

A brief summary of general health information and FAQs. 


What is diabetes?  

Diabetes occurs when the body is unable to move glucose (sugar in the blood) into the cells to produce ATP (energy). Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas that allows glucose to move across the cell wall. There are different types of diabetes including Type I Diabetes, Type II Diabetes, and Gestational Diabetes.

Type I is an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system attacks the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas resulting in very little or no insulin being produced. This prevents the cells from receiving glucose and they begin to starve.

Type II is called insulin resistance diabetes because the cells no longer respond to insulin. Again, the glucose cannot enter the cells so it stays in the bloodstream and the cells starve.

What causes diabetes?

The cause of diabetes is not known, but it is believed to be genetic or triggered by a virus. Many factors may increase the risk of developing the disease. Some factors include autoimmune disease, high blood pressure, being overweight or obese, physical stress (such as injury or surgery), heavy alcohol use, smoking, inadequate/malnutrition, and a history of gestational diabetes. 

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

The following symptoms of diabetes are typical. However, some people with Type II diabetes have symptoms so mild that they go unnoticed.

Common symptoms of diabetes:

  • Urinating often
  • Feeling very thirsty
  • Feeling very hungry - even though you are eating
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Blurry vision
  • Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal
  • Weight loss - even though you are eating more (Type 1)
  • Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands/feet (Type 2)


Central Neighborhood Health Foundation (CNHF) Comprehensive Diabetes Program is a terrific resource for helping you learn, manage, and treat this disease. We believe that education, information, and guidance are the keys to the successful management of diabetes. We can help you understand how different aspects of your lifestyle can affect your blood glucose levels. CNHF offers a comprehensive educational program for those with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Our Six-Week Educational Series covers a broad range of topics, including the guidelines and principles of diabetes management, exercise, nutrition, and comprehensive dietary and lifestyle advice. Your team may include a doctor, diabetes educator, and a quality care coordinator, who will work closely with you to keep your blood sugar level as close to normal as possible. Referral and prompt access to eye, kidney, and foot specialists are also readily available as needed.

Seeking more information? 

Stop by and see us at one of our locations! Please call 323-234-5000 (Ext. 133), or email us at You may visit our "Services" Page for more information and details about the healthcare programs at CNHF. 

You may also find the following links helpful:


What is hypertension?

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is an issue that affects millions of people around the world. If not properly treated, hypertension can lead to serious issues, including heart attack or stroke. That means it’s imperative to have an accurate diagnosis for hypertension as well as an effective care plan.

Normal blood pressure is when blood pressure is lower than 120/80 mmHg most of the time. A patient is diagnosed with hypertension, the medical term for high blood pressure when their blood pressure is 140/90 mmHg most of the time.

There are five main categories of blood pressure:

  1. Normal: Lower than 120/80
  2. Elevated: 120-129/80
  3. Stage 1 Hypertension: 130-139/80-89
  4. Stage 2 Hypertension: 140+/90+
  5. Hypertensive Crisis: Higher than 180/120+ (Consult your doctor immediately)

Please note that hypertension can be extremely dangerous since it requires the heart to work harder to pump blood to the body, which can increase the risk of heart failure, stroke, and hardening of the arteries. 

What causes hypertension?

The exact cause of hypertension is not often known. Primary (or "essential") hypertension is when hypertension has no known cause, or there is no evidence to link it to a specific cause. Primary hypertension makes up about 90% of all hypertension cases. Secondary hypertension is high blood pressure that does have an identifiable cause.

Potential causes of hypertension (primary or secondary) include:

  • Being overweight or obese
  • Smoking
  • Genetics/family history of hypertension
  • A diet high in salt
  • Consuming more than 1-2 alcoholic drinks a day
  • Stress
  • Old-age
  • Lack of exercise
  • Sleep apnea
  • Kidney disease
  • Thyroid disorders

What are the signs and symptoms of hypertension?

Hypertension does not always cause symptoms; in fact, about a third of people who have hypertension are unaware because they may experience few or no symptoms.

Below are some of the most common symptoms of hypertension:

  • Headache
  • Ringing or buzzing in the ears
  • Fatigue
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Confusion
  • Dizziness
  • Nosebleed
  • Blurred vision
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Chest pain
  • Blood in the urine

Central Neighborhood Health Foundation’s Chronic Care Management Program (CCM) and Patient-Centered Medical Home Program (PCMH) specialize in the management of high blood pressure including difficult-to-manage hypertension. We are determined to actively manage your hypertension concerns and care using an individualized care plan through both face-to-face and virtual consultations. Our CCM and PCMH programs are available to patients who have hypertension in addition to other complex health conditions, including but not limited to:

    •    Chronic kidney disease
    •    Diabetes
    •    High-risk for heart attack or stroke
    •    Previous occurrence of heart attack or stroke

Colorectal (Colon) Cancer FAQs

What is colorectal cancer?

Colorectal ("colon") cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the colon or rectum. The colon is the large intestine or large bowel. The rectum is the passageway that connects the colon to the anus.

Who gets colorectal cancer?

  • Both men and women can get colon cancer. 
  • It is most often found in people 50-years-old or older.
  • The risk increases with age. 

Are you at increased risk?

Your risk of colorectal cancer may be higher than average if:

  • You or a close relative have had colorectal polyps or colorectal cancer.
  • You have inflammatory bowel disease, Chron's disease, or ulcerative colitis. 
  • You have a genetic syndrome such as familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) or hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer. 

People at increased risk for colorectal cancer may need earlier or more frequent tests than other people. Talk to your doctor about when to begin screening, which test is right for you, and how often you should be tested. 

Screening Saves Lives

Colorectal cancer is the second leading cancer killer in the United States, but it doesn't have to be. If you are 50 years old, or older, getting a colorectal cancer screening test could save your life. Here's how:

  • Colorectal cancer usually starts from precancerous polyps found in the colon or rectum. A polyp is a growth that shouldn't be there.  
  • Over time, some polyps can turn into cancer. 
  • Screening tests can detect precancerous polys, so they can be removed before they develop into cancer. 
  • Screening tests also can find colorectal cancer early, when treatment works best. 

Seeking more information? 

Stop by one of our locations! Please call the Quality Department/Care Coordination office at (323) 234-5000 (Ext. 133), or email us at You may also visit our "Services" Page for more information and details about the healthcare programs at CNHF. 

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